注册 登录  
 加关注
   显示下一条  |  关闭
温馨提示!由于新浪微博认证机制调整,您的新浪微博帐号绑定已过期,请重新绑定!立即重新绑定新浪微博》  |  关闭

多则惑 少则明

顾明的博客

 
 
 
 
 

日志

 
 

担心你的工作么?  

2008-02-03 10:35:24|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

  下载LOFTER 我的照片书  |

Worried about your job?

Feb 2nd 2008
From Economist.com

America’s gloomy令人沮丧的 payroll 工资data


AFP担心你的工作么? - bldr - Georges blog

A RECESSION衰退 in America is a worry that the latest data on American employment will do much to deepen. January’s non-farm payroll就业人口 numbers showed a surprise drop of 17,000, the first decline since August 2003, according to figures released by the Bureau of Labour Statistics on Friday February 1st. Forecasters had hoped for a rise of 80,000, partly owing to good weather during the survey and partly because earlier data had been more upbeat乐观的; the figures didn’t oblige感激.

As usual with American jobs data, not all the numbers pointed in the same direction. Optimists could take heart from an upward revision to December’s payroll numbers and from a small fall (from 5% to 4.9%) in January’s unemployment rate (a figure calculated from a separate survey of households). But pessimists could focus on a slippage下滑 in average hours worked, often an early indicator of bad times to come as firms slowly cut back their output.
The data added to the debate about the Federal Reserve’s recent cuts in interest rates of 1.25 percentage points. Some commentators claim that the weak jobs count vindicated the Fed’s pre-emptive move, others saw it as more evidence that the America’s central bank had acted too tardily缓慢的. The chance of a further half-point cut at the Fed’s next meeting in March increased in response to the news.

The weak payroll number was driven by further falls in employment at construction companies and manufacturers. But while that might have been expected, the big surprise was a 11,000 drop in professional and business-services employment.

One crumb面包屑 of comfort for those worried about the state of the economy is that the payroll count is notoriously臭名昭著的 volatile反复无常的. It is derived from a survey, which questions 160,000 businesses and government entities实体 accounting for a third of total non-farm payrolls. Despite a large sample size the initial payroll count is somewhat sketchy and subject to significant revision. Between 2003 and 2006 the first estimate was revised by an average of 51,000 jobs each month.

These revisions occur because, in January (as with other months), only about 56% of businesses have responded to the survey by the time of its first release. Furthermore, the Bureau of Labour Statistics has to guess at the number of jobs created by new companies—the so called birth-deaths figure.

The unemployment rate is calculated from just 60,000 households, a small fraction of the total of 110m. But it is not subject to the same drastic revisions as it receives over 90% of survey responses by the time of release. A recent study by Congress’s joint economic committee found that the unemployment rate is “the most useful indicator of recession” and the payroll count has “little value” as a guide to economic turning points. If that is so the news is ominous. The study found the unemployment rate increases by 0.12 percentage points in the first three months of recession. A sharp rise in unemployment in December outpaced the improvement in January giving an average rise over the past two months of 0.13 points.

  评论这张
 
阅读(14)| 评论(0)
推荐 转载

历史上的今天

在LOFTER的更多文章

评论

<#--最新日志,群博日志--> <#--推荐日志--> <#--引用记录--> <#--博主推荐--> <#--随机阅读--> <#--首页推荐--> <#--历史上的今天--> <#--被推荐日志--> <#--上一篇,下一篇--> <#-- 热度 --> <#-- 网易新闻广告 --> <#--右边模块结构--> <#--评论模块结构--> <#--引用模块结构--> <#--博主发起的投票-->
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

页脚

网易公司版权所有 ©1997-2017